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Using quantitative diagnosability analysis for optimal sensor placement

A good placement of sensors is crucial to get good performance in detecting and isolating faults. Here, the sensor placement problem is cast as a minimal cost optimization problem. Previous works have considered this problem with qualitative detectability and isolability specifications. A key contribution here is that quantified detectability and isolability performance is considered in the optimization formulation. The search space for the posed optimization problem is exponential in size, and to handle complexity a greedy optimization algorithm that compute optimal sensor positions is proposed. Two examples illustrate how the optimal solution depends on the required quantified diagnosability performance and the results are compared to the solutions using a deterministic method.

Daniel Eriksson, Mattias Krysander and Erik Frisk

Proceedings of IFAC Safe Process 2012, 2012

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