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Abstract



Methods for Residual Generation Using Mixed Causality in Model Based Diagnosis


Several different air pollutions are produced during combustion in a diesel engine, for example nitric oxides, NOx, which can be harmful for humans. This has led to stricter emission legislations for heavy duty trucks. The law requires both lower emissions and an On-Board Diagnosis system for all manufactured heavy duty trucks. The OBD system supervises the engine in order to keep the emissions below legislation demands. The OBD system shall detect malfunctions which may lead to increased emissions. To design the OBD system an automatic model based diagnosis approach has been developed at Scania CV AB where residual generators are generated from an engine model. The main objective of this thesis is to improve the existing methods at Scania CV AB to extract residual generators from a model in order to generate more residual generators. The focus lies on the methods to find possible residual generators given an overdetermined subsystem. This includes methods to estimate derivatives of noisy signals. A method to use both integral and derivative causality has been developed, called mixed causality. With this method it has been shown that more residual generators can be found when designing a model based diagnosis system, which improves the fault isolation. To use mixed causality, derivatives are estimated with smoothing spline approximation.

Magnus Johansson and Johan Kingstedt

2008

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