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Improving Misfire Detection Using Gaussian Processes and Flywheel Error Compensation

The area of misfire detection is important because of the effects of misfires on both the environment and the exhaust system. Increasing requirements on the detection performance means that improvements are always of interest. In this thesis, potential improvements to an existing misfire detection algorithm are eval- uated. The improvements evaluated are: using Gaussian processes to model the clas- sifier, alternative signal treatments for detection of multiple misfires, and effects of where flywheel tooth angle error estimation is performed. The improvements are also evaluated for their suitability for use on-line. Both the use of Gaussian processes and the detection of multiple misfires are hard problems to solve while maintaining detection performance. Gaussian processes most likely loses performance due to loss of dependence between the weights of the classifier. It can give performance similar to the original classifier, but with greatly increased complexity. For multiple misfires, the performance can be slightly improved without loss of single misfire performance. Greater improvements are possible, but at the cost of single misfire performance. The decision is in the end down to the desired trade-off. The flywheel tooth angle error compensation gives nearly identical perfor- mance regardless of where it is estimated. Consequently the error estimation can be separated from the signal processing, allowing the implementation to be modular. Using an EKF for estimating the flywheel errors on-line is found to be both feasible and give good performance. Combining the separation of the error estimation from the signal treatment with a, after initial convergence, heavily re- stricted EKF gives a vastly reduced computational load for only a moderate loss of performance.

Gustav Romeling


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