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Analysis and optimization with the Kullback-Leibler divergence for misfire detection using estimated torque

Engine misfire detection is an important part of the On-Board Diagnostics (OBDII) legislations to reduce exhaust emissions and avoid damage to the catalytic converters. The flywheel angular velocity signal is analyzed, investigating how to use the signal in order to best detect misfires. An algorithm for engine misfire detection is proposed based on the flywheel angular velocity signal. The flywheel signal is used to estimate the torque at the flywheel and a test quantity is designed by weighting and thresholding the samples of estimated torque related to one combustion. During the development process, the Kullback- Leibler divergence is used to analyze the ability to detect a misfire given a test quantity and how the misfire detectability performance varies depending on, e.g., load and speed. The Kullback-Leibler divergence is also used for parameter optimization to maximize the difference between misfire data and fault-free data. Evaluation shows that the proposed misfire detection algorithm is able to have a low probability of false alarms while having a low probability of missed detections.

 Daniel Eriksson, Lars Eriksson, Erik Frisk and Mattias Krysander


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